Klinefelter Syndrome (XXY Syndrome)

About- Klinefelter syndrome (KS) also called XXY syndrome is a genetic condition occurs when a boy is born with an extra copy of the X chromosome.
 
Symptoms-

Babies
  • Delay in learning and speaking
  • Delayed development
  • Quiet, passive personality
  • Takes longer than average time to sit up, crawl and walk
  • Weak muscles
Boys and teenagers
  • Absent or delayed puberty
  • Difficulty socializing or expressing feelings
  • Dyslexia 
  • Dyspraxia
  • Gynecomastia
  • Low energy levels
  • Problems with reading, writing, and spelling
  • Shyness and low self-confidence
  • Small penis
  • Small testicles
  • Tall height, Long legs, short torso, and broad hips
  • Weak bones

Men

  • Anxiety
  • Decreased facial and body hair
  • Depression
  • Diabetes
  • Difficulty socializing
  • Gynecomastia
  • Increased belly fat
  • Infertility
  • Lack of energy
  • Long legs with a short trunk
  • Low libido
  • Low muscle tone and strength
  • Low or no sperm count
  • Problems reading, writing, and communicating
  • Small testicles and penis
  • Tall height
  • Weak bones
Causes-
It is not an inherited condition. This occurs randomly during conception
 
Complications
  • Anxiety
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Blood clots
  • Breast cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Dental cavities
  • Depression
  • Emotional immaturity
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High cholesterol and triglycerides (hyperlipidemia)
  • Impulsiveness
  • Infertility
  • Low self-esteem
  • Lung disease
  • Lupus
  • Osteoporosis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
Specialists to visit
Endocrinologist
Medical Geneticist
Pediatrician
Speech therapist
Urologist

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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.webmd.com
https://rarediseases.org
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.healthymale.org.au

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