Aortic Dissection

About- An aortic dissection is a serious medical condition in which the inner layer of the aorta (the large blood vessel branching off the heart) tears and because of that blood surges through the tear, causing the inner and middle layers of the aorta to separate (dissect). 

Symptoms-
 Sudden severe chest pain
 Abdominal pain
Loss of consciousness
Shortness of breath
Sudden difficulty speaking
Sudden loss of vision
 Sudden weakness or paralysis of one side of the body
Leg pain
Difficulty walking
Leg paralysis
 
Causes-
 High blood pressure 
Hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis
A pre-existing bulging, or weakened, artery
Certain genetic diseases such as Marfan syndrome, Turner’s syndrome, Connective tissue disorders, such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and Loeys-Dietz syndrome
 Some inflammatory conditions, such as giant cell arteritis and syphilis
Traumatic injury to the chest area
Smoking
 
Specialists to Visit
 Critical Care Doctor
Cardiologist
Vascular Surgeon
Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Emergency Medicine Doctor
 

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References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://vascular.org

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