Mouth Ulcer (Canker Sore)

About- Mouth Ulcer also called Canker sores, or aphthous ulcers, are small, shallow lesions that develop on the soft tissues in the mouth or at the base of the gums.
 
Symptoms-
  • Fever
  • Problems eating and drinking
  • A red painful area in the mouth
  • Small white or yellow oval-shaped ulcer in the mouth
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Tingling sensation in the mouth
Causes-
There is no definite cause for the disease. Some probable causes and trigger factors are
  • Acidic foods like strawberries, citrus, and pineapples, etc
  • Allergic reaction with mouth bacteria
  • Angular Cheilitis
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections
  • Behcet’s disease 
  • Celiac disease 
  • Change of hormonal level during menstruation, pregnancy, puberty
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Dental braces
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Erythema Multiforme/Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
  • Genetic factors
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Immune system problem
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Medications including beta-blockers and pain killers
  • Mouth injury from dental work, hard brushing, sports injury, or accidental bite
  • Pemphigus Vulgaris
  • Poorly Fitting Braces or Dentures
  • Stress
  • Toothpaste and mouth rinses that contain sodium lauryl sulfate
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Vitamin or mineral deficiency including B-12, zinc, folate, and iron
 
Specialists to Visit -
Dentist
General Physician

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References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://dermnetnz.org
https://www.dentalhealth.org
https://www.nhsinform.scot
https://www.medicinenet.com

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