Kidney Failure (Renal Failure)

About- Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease or chronic kidney failure occurs when kidneys lose the ability to filter waste from the blood sufficiently.
 
Symptoms-
  • Anemia
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Coma
  • Confusion
  • Decreased urine output
  • Drowsiness or fatigue
  • High blood pressure
  • Itching
  • Muscle cramps
  • Nausea
  • Poor appetite
  • Seizures
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles, and feet
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Weakness
Causes-
  • Alcoholism
  • An overload of toxins from heavy metals
  • An enlarged prostate
  • Bladder cancers
  • Bladder controlling nerve damage
  • Blood clots within the urinary tract
  • Certain antibiotics
  • Cervical cancer
  • Chemotherapy drugs
  • Colon cancer
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • High blood pressure
  • Interstitial nephritis
  • Kidney infection
  • Kidney stones
  • Lupus
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract
  • Prostate cancer
  • Scleroderma
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Using illegal drugs 
  • Vasculitis
  • Vesicoureteral
Risk factors
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Family history of kidney disease
  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Obesity
  • Older age
  • Smoking
 
Complications
  • Anemia
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Frequent infection
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Infertility
  • Low libido
  • Pericarditis
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Seizures
  • Weak bones
Specialists to visit
Nephrologist
Transplant Surgeon

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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.kidneyfund.org
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.urologyhealth.org
https://www.kidney.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.niddk.nih.gov

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