Acid Reflux (GERD)

About- Acid reflux also known as Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a digestive disease in which backflow of stomach acid irritates the food pipelining (esophagus).

Symptoms-
 Heartburn, usually after eating
 Chest pain
 Difficulty swallowing
 Regurgitation
 Bad breath
 Sour taste 
 A sensation of a lump in the throat
 Vomiting
 Breathing problems

Causes-
GERD occurs due to malfunctioning of the 
lower esophageal sphincter. The common risk factors include
 Obesity 

 Stress
 A hiatal hernia
 Consuming particular foods like carbonated beverages, coffee, and chocolate etc.
 Drinking certain beverages, such as alcohol, or coffee
 Certain medications, such as aspirin
 Pregnancy
 Connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma
 Delayed stomach emptying
 Smoking (active or passive)
 Low levels of physical exercise 


Complications
 
Esophageal Stricture

 Esophageal ulcer

 Barrett's esophagus 

Specialist to Visit-

 Gastroenterologist 

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References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.healthline.com

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