High Cholesterol (Hypercholesterolemia)

About- High cholesterol also called Hypercholesterolemia is the presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood.

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or bad cholesterol- carries cholesterol to the arteries, if it is high, it can build up on the walls of the arteries which can narrow our arteries, limit blood flow, and raise the risk of blood clots. If a blood clot blocks an artery in the heart or brain, it can cause a heart attack or stroke.

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) or good cholesterol- It picks up excess LDL cholesterol to the liver to be removed from your body. It helps lower our risk of blood clots, heart disease, and stroke.
 
Symptoms-
Mostly high cholesterol has no symptoms until they develop serious complications, such as a heart attack or stroke.
 
Causes-
  • Consumption of red meat and full-fat dairy products baked cookies, crackers, and microwave popcorn, etc.
  • Diabetes
  • Family history
  • Kidney disease
  • Lack of exercise
  • Obesity
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Pregnancy 
  • Smoking
  • Underactive thyroid
Complications
  • Chest pain
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
Specialists to visit
Cardiologist
Endocrinologist
General Physician
Nutritionist

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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://familydoctor.org
https://www.heart.org
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.bhf.org.uk

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