High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

About- Our heart pumps blood around the body through arteries. Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood on the artery walls. When this pressure is high enough to increase the risk of stroke, heart failure, kidney failure, and other diseases, this condition is called High blood pressure or hypertension.
 
Symptoms-
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blurred vision
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Flushing
  • Headaches
  • Nosebleeds
  • Shortness of breath
 
Causes-
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Adrenal gland problems
  • Certain endocrine tumors
  • Chronic alcoholism
  • Congenital blood vessels defect
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Kidney disease
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Side effects of some medications including birth control pills
  • Thyroid problems
  • Use of illegal drugs such as cocaine
 
Risk factors
  • Aging
  • Alcoholism
  • Diabetes
  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • High level of salt (sodium) in the diet
  • Insufficient potassium in the diet
  • Kidney disease
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Obesity
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Stress 
 
Complications
  • Aneurysm
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Complications during pregnancy
  • Dementia
  • Diabetes
  • Eye damage
  • Heart attack
  • Heart disease
  • Heart failure
  • High insulin levels
  • High triglycerides level
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (good cholesterol) level
  • Memory and understanding problem
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Stroke
  • Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes
  • Weak and narrow blood vessels in the kidneys
 
Specialists to visit
Cardiologist
General Physician
 
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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.heart.org
https://www.heartfoundation.org.au

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