Hiatal Hernia (Stomach Hernia)

About- A hiatal hernia also known as stomach hernia is a serious medical condition that occurs when the upper part of the stomach pushes up through the diaphragm (the large muscle that lies between the abdomen and chest) and into the chest region.
 
Symptoms-
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Acid reflux
  • Bad breath
  • Burping
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Food or regurgitation
  • Heartburn
  • Passing of black stools
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vomiting of blood
 
Causes-
The exact cause of this disease is not clearly understood always. Some probable reasons are
  • Injury or other damage to the muscle tissue
  • Pressure on the stomach muscle such as while coughing, vomiting, straining during a bowel movement, exercising or lifting heavy objects
  • Age-related diaphragm changes
  • Being born with an unusually large hiatus
 
Risk Factors
  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
 
Specialists to visit
  • Gastroenterologist
  • General Physician
  • General Surgeon
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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://www.health.harvard.edu
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com

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