Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)

About- A heart attack also called myocardial infarction is the death of a segment of the heart muscle that occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked.
 
Symptoms-
  • Abdominal pain
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Cold sweat
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion
  • Lightheadedness
  • Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Pressure, tightness, or a squeezing or aching sensation in the chest or arms
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • The sensation may spread to the neck, jaw or back
 
Causes-
This occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked mostly due to buildup of fat, cholesterol, and other substances in the arteries that feed the heart. 
 
Risk factors
  • A history of preeclampsia
  • Aging
  • Alcoholism
  • Diabetes
  • Family history of heart attack
  • High blood cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Illicit drug use
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Lupus 
  • Mental Stress
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Smoking or other forms of tobacco use
Complications
  • Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias)
  • Aneurysm
  • Angina
  • Cardiogenic shock
  • deep vein thrombosis
  • Edema
  • Heart failure
  • Hypoxemia
  • Loss of erectile function
  • Loss of libido
  • Myocardial rupture
  • Pericarditis
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Ventricular aneurysm
Specialists to visit
  • Cardiologist
  • Cardiac Surgeon
  • Emergency Medicine Doctor
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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.heart.org
https://www.heartfoundation.org.au
https://my.clevelandclinic.org

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