Heart Arrhythmia (Irregular Heartbeat)

About- Heart arrhythmia also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat occurs due to malfunctioning of electrical impulses that coordinate heartbeats.
 
Types of arrhythmias
Tachycardia- This refers to a fast heartbeat (heart rate greater than 100 beats a minute)
Bradycardia-   This refers to a slow heartbeat (heart rate less than 60 beats a minute)
 
Symptoms-

  • Bradycardia
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting (syncope)
  • Heart palpitations
  • Irregular pulse
  • Lightheadedness
  • Pale skin
  • Pounding in the chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Tachycardia
  • Weakness or fatigue 
 
Causes and risk factors-
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Certain medications
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Diabetes
  • Drug abuse
  • Electrolyte imbalance in the blood, such as sodium or potassium
  • Excessive alcoholism or caffeine intake
  • Genetics
  • Heart attack or other heart diseases
  • Heart valve disorders
  • High blood pressure
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Previous heart surgery
  • Psychological Stress
  • Scarring of heart tissue
  • Smoking
Specialists to visit
Cardiologist
Emergency Medicine Doctor

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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.heart.org
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://www.nhs.uk

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