Edema (Dropsy)

About- Edema, also called dropsy, is swelling or puffiness caused by excess fluid retention in the body's tissues mostly occurs in hands, arms, feet, ankles, and legs.
 
Types
Edema Angioedema- Accumulation of excess fluid underneath the skin

Edema Cerebral edema- Accumulation of excess fluid in the brain
Edema Dependent edema- Usually occurs in the legs and lower body
Edema Lipedema- Swelling of the legs and hips, and can lead to lymphedema
Edema Macular edema- Swelling of the portion of the eye (the macula)
Edema Papilledema- Swelling of the optic nerve of the eye
Edema Scrotal lymphedema- Enlargement of the scrotum due to fluid retention around the testes
 
Symptoms-
Edema Abdominal pain
Edema Changes in bowel habits
Edema Confusion and lethargy
Edema Cough or shortness of breath if Edema occurs in the lungs
Edema Dimple on the skin if we press it for several seconds
Edema Headache
Edema High pulse rate
Edema Hign blood pressure
Edema Increased abdominal size
Edema Joints Stiffness
Edema Nausea and vomiting
Edema Pain in the body parts
Edema Stretched or shiny skin
Edema Swelling or puffiness of the tissue directly under the skin
Edema Trouble walking if Edema occurs in legs
Edema Visual abnormalities
Edema Weight gain or loss
 
Causes-
Edema Burns
Edema Certain medications for high blood pressure, diabetes, pain, inflammation
Edema Cirrhosis of liver
Edema Clot
Edema Congestive heart failure
Edema Consumption of excessively salty food
Edema Estrogens
Edema Having premenstrual signs and symptoms
Edema Inadequate lymphatic system
Edema Kidney damage
Edema Kidney disease
Edema Poor nutrition
Edema Pregnancy
Edema Severe allergic reactions 
Edema Severe, long-term protein deficiency
Edema Sitting or standing in one position for a prolonged period
Edema Steroid drugs
Edema Thyroid diseases
Edema Trauma
Edema Weak or damaged veins in the legs
 
Specialists to visit
Cardiologist Cardiologist

Cardiologist Nephrologist

Edema Ask a question or view previous questions and answers on 
Edema
References-
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.emedicinehealth.com
https://www.health.harvard.edu

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