Aortic Insufficiency (Aortic Regurgitation)

About- Aortic insufficiency (AI), also known as aortic regurgitation (AR), is the leaking of the aortic valve of the heart that causes blood to flow in the reverse direction during ventricular diastole, from the aorta into the left ventricle.

Symptoms-
 Fatigue and weakness
 Shortness of breath
 Swollen ankles and feet
 Chest pain (angina), discomfort or tightness, often increasing during exercise
 Lightheadedness or fainting
 Irregular pulse (arrhythmia)
 Heart palpitations
 Heart murmur
 Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea)‚Äč
 
Causes-
 Congenital heart valve defects
 Ageing
 Endocarditis
 Rheumatic fever
 Trauma
 Infections of the heart tissue
 High blood pressure
 Genetic conditions such as Marfan’s syndrome
 Untreated syphilis
 Lupus
 Heart aneurysms
 Ankylosing spondylitis
 
Specialists to Visit
 ‚ÄčCardiologist
 Cardiovascular Surgeon
 Pediatric Cardiologist

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References-
https://www.healthline.com
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

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