Leukemia

About- Leukemia also called blood cancer is a cancer of the body's blood-forming tissues, including the bone marrow and the lymphatic system hindering the body's ability to fight infection.
 
Types of Leukemia
Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
Hairy cell leukemia
Myelodysplastic syndromes
Myeloproliferative disorders
 
Symptoms-
  • Bleeding gums
  • Bone pain or tenderness
  • Chills
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Enlarged liver
  • Enlarger spleen
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Frequent infections
  • Night sweats
  • Nosebleeds
  • Painless swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, groin or stomach
  • Petechiae
  • Shortness of breath
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Weakness
 
Causes-
Scientists don't understand the exact causes of leukemia. It seems to develop from a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

 

Risk factors

Previous cancer treatment including chemotherapy and radiation therapy 

  • Genetic abnormalities including down syndrome
  • Exposure to certain chemicals such as benzene and formaldehyde
  • Smoking
  • Family history of leukemia
  • Preleukemia
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Schwachman-Diamond syndrome
  • Down Syndrome
Specialists to visit
Hematologist
Oncologist

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Reference
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.cancer.gov
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://www.lls.org

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