Down Syndrome

About- Down syndrome also called trisomy 21 is a condition occurs when a person is born with an extra copy of their 21st chromosome.
 
Symptoms-
 Attention problems
 Atypically shaped ears
 Broad, short hands with a single crease in the palm
 Delays in speech and language development
 Excessive flexibility
 Flattened face
 Protruding tongue
 Relatively short fingers and small hands and feet
 Short height
 Short neck
 Sleep difficulties
 Small head
 Stubbornness and tantrums
 Tiny white spots on the colored part (iris) of the eye called Brushfield's spots
 Upward slanting eye lids
 Weak muscle tone

Causes-
Down syndrome results when abnormal cell division involving chromosome 21 occurs
 
Health conditions associated with
Down syndrome
 Alzheimer’s disease 
 Cataracts 
 Chronic constipation
 Congenital heart defects
 Delayed tooth growth
 Dementia 
 Hearing loss
 Hip dislocations
 Hypothyroidism (low thyroid function)
 Leukemia
 Obesity
 Poor vision
 Sleep apnea 

Specialists to visit
 Medical Geneticist
 Occupational Therapist
 Paediatrician
 Physiotherapist

 Ask a question or view previous questions and answers on Down syndrome
References-
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://my.clevelandclinic.org

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