Acid Reflux (GERD)

About- Acid reflux also known as Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a digestive disease in which the backflow of stomach acid irritates the food pipelining (esophagus).

Symptoms-
 Heartburn, usually after eating
Chest pain
Difficulty swallowing
Regurgitation
Bad breath
Sour taste 
A sensation of a lump in the throat
Vomiting
Breathing problems

Causes-
GERD occurs due to malfunctioning of the 
lower esophageal sphincter. The common risk factors include
 Obesity 

 Stress
A hiatal hernia
Consuming particular foods like carbonated beverages, coffee, chocolate, etc.
Drinking certain beverages, such as alcohol, or coffee
Certain medications, such as aspirin
Pregnancy
Connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma
Delayed stomach emptying
Smoking (active or passive)
Low levels of physical exercise 

Complications
Esophageal Stricture

Esophageal ulcer

Barrett's esophagus 

Specialist to Visit-

 Gastroenterologist 

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References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.healthline.com

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