Lung Cancer

About- Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma is a type of cancer that begins in the lungs.

Types
1)Non-small cell lung cancer- It is more common, and usually grows and spreads slowly
a)Adenocarcinoma- It starts growing near the periphery of the lung
b)Squamous cell carcinoma- It starts in one of the larger breathing tubes near the center of the chest.
c)Large cell carcinoma- Starts near the periphery of the lung, grows rapidly.
2)Small cell lung cancer- It is less common and grows rapidly.
 
Stages
  • Localized: confined to the lung
  • Regional: spread to lymph nodes (or glands) within the chest
  • Distant: spread to other parts of the body
Symptoms-
  • Bone pain
  • Chest infection like bronchitis or pneumonia
  • Chest pain
  • Cough
  • Coughing up blood
  • Headache
  • Hoarseness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Shortness of breath
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Wheezing
Causes-
  • Exposure to asbestos and other carcinogens
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke or radon gas
  • Family history of lung cancer
  • Previous radiation therapy
  • Smoking
Specialists to visit
  • Cardiothoracic Surgeon
  • Oncologist
  • Palliative Medicine
  • Pulmonologist
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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.cdc.gov
https://www.cancer.org

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