Migraine

About- A migraine is a neurological disorder that can cause mild to severe headache, usually on just one side of the head and it may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light.
 
Types of Migraine
 
  • Acephalgic migraine (also called migraine without headache, aura without headache, silent migraine, and visual migraine without headache)
  • Acute migraine
  • Chronic migraine
  • Complex migraine 
  • Menstrual migraine
  • Migraine with aura (also called classic migraines/ complicated migraine/ and hemiplegic migraine)
  • Migraine without aura (common migraine)
  • Optical migraine (also called eye migraine, ocular migraine, ophthalmic migraine, monocular migraine, and retinal migraine)
  • Vestibular migraine (migraine-associated vertigo)
 
Symptoms-
  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Dizziness
  • Eye pain
  • Fainting
  • Fatigue
  • Food cravings
  • Frequent yawning
  • Hearing noises or music
  • Hyperactivity
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Irritability
  • Lightheadedness
  • Mood swings
  • Mostly, throbbing or pulsing pain on one side of the head
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Neck stiffness
  • Pins and needles sensations in an arm or leg
  • Seeing shapes, light flashes, or bright spots
  • Sensitivity to light and sound and sometimes smells and touch
  • Temporarily vision loss
  • Tingling sensation in the face, arms, or legs
  • Uncontrollable jerking or other movements
  • Weakness or numbness in the face or one side of the body
 
Causes-
The exact reason is not clear. The probable factors are
  • Environmental factors
  • Family history
  • Imbalances in brain chemicals including serotonin
Trigger factors
  • Alcoholism, especially wine, and highly caffeinated beverages
  • Bright lights and sun glare
  • Certain medications including oral contraceptives and vasodilators
  • Dehydration
  • Food additives
  • Foods including aged cheeses, salty foods, and processed foods
  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Jet lag
  • Loud sounds
  • Missing sleep or getting too much sleep
  • Physical exertion
  • Skipping meals or fasting
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Strong smells
  • Weather change
Specialist to visit
Neurologist

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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://migraineresearchfoundation.org
https://www.nhs.uk

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