Congenital Heart Defect

About- Congenital heart disease, or a congenital heart defect, is a heart abnormality present at birth and is a general term for a range of birth defects that affect the normal way the heart works. 

According to the Mayo Clinic, several types of congenital heart defects are
 Atrial septal defect (ASD)
 Atrioventricular canal defect
Bicuspid aortic valve
 Coarctation of the aorta
 Congenital mitral valve anomalies
 Double-outlet right ventricle
 Ebstein anomaly
 Eisenmenger syndrome
 Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
 Long QT syndrome
 Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return
 Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
 Patent foramen ovale
 Pulmonary atresia
 Pulmonary valve stenosis
 Tetralogy of Fallot
 Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
 Transposition of the great arteries
 Tricuspid atresia
 Truncus arteriosus
 Vascular rings
 Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
 Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome  

Symptoms-

 Heart Arrhythmias
 Chest pain
 Cyanosis
 Delayed growth
 Dizziness
 Edema
 Extreme tiredness and fatigue
 Fainting
 Feeding difficulties
 Low birth weight
 Rapid breathing
 Rapid heartbeat
 Shortness of breath  

Causes-
Researchers aren't sure about the exact reasons but heredity may play a role.
 
Risk Factors

 A family history
 Alcoholism and use of other drugs during pregnancy
 Down's syndrome
 Flu (Influenza) during pregnancy 
 German measles (rubella)
 Gestational diabetes
 Noonan syndrome 
 Side effects of certain medications
 Smoking during pregnancy
 Turner syndrome 
 Type 1 diabetes 
 Type 2 diabetes
 Viral infection during pregnancy  

Complications

 Heart Arrhythmias
 Endocarditis
 Heart failure
 Heart valve problems
 Pulmonary hypertension
 Stroke

Specialists to Visit -
 Cardiologist

 Pediatric Cardiologist

 Ask a question or view previous questions and answers on Congenital heart disease

References-
https://www.healthline.com
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.stanfordchildrens.org
https://www.heart.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.cdc.gov

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