Gallstone

About- Gallstones also called cholelithiasis are pieces of solid material that form in the gallbladder, a small (about 3 inches long and 1 inch wide), pear-shaped organ on the right side of the abdomen, just below the liver.
 
Types of gallstones
Gallstones Cholesterol gallstones - The most common type gallstone, generally yellow-colored and is composed mainly of undissolved cholesterol.

Gallstones Pigment gallstones- Generally dark brown or black colored stones develop from bilirubin.
 
Symptoms-
Gallstones Abdominal pain
Gallstones Back pain (between shoulder blades)
Gallstones Burping
Gallstones Clay-colored stools
Gallstones Dark-colored urine
Gallstones Diarrhea
Gallstones Gas
Gallstones Heartburn
Gallstones Indigestion
Gallstones Nausea or vomiting
Gallstones Shoulder pain (right side)

Causes-
The exact reason is not clearly understood. It may be due to having too much cholesterol or bilirubin in the bile. Probable risk factors are

Gallstones A family history
Gallstones Being female
Gallstones Cirrhosis of liver
Gallstones Consumption of high-fat, high-cholesterol, low-fiber diet
Gallstones Crohn’s disease
Gallstones Diabetes
Gallstones Leukemia
Gallstones Obesity
Gallstones Older age (above 40)
Gallstones Pregnancy
Gallstones Rapid unexplained weight loss in a short period time
Gallstones Sedentary lifestyle
Gallstones Sickle cell anemia
Gallstones Use of oral contraceptives or hormone therapy drugs
 
Complications
Gallstones Bile duct infection
Gallstones Blockage in the pancreatic duct
Gallstones Gallbladder cancer
Gallstones Gallbladder infection
Gallstones Gallbladder Inflammation
Gallstones Jaundice
Gallstones Pancreatitis
Gallstones Sepsis

Specialists to visit
Gastroenterologist Gastroenterologist

Gastroenterologist General Surgeon

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Gallstones
References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org

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