Vomiting Blood (Hematemesis)

About- Vomiting blood, or hematemesis, is the backward flow of stomach contents mixed with blood, or the blood only, may appear as bright red, black or dark brown like coffee grounds colour.

Symptoms-
Along with 
Vomiting blood other associated symptoms are
 Nausea
 Abdominal pain and discomfort
 Vomiting stomach contents 

Causes-

 Acute liver failure
 Alcoholic hepatitis
 Cirrhosis 
 Esophageal cancer 
 Esophagealvarices
Esophagitis
 Erosion of the stomach lining
 Pancreatic cancer
 Certain medication like Aspirin and Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
 Benign tumors of the stomach or esophagus
 Defects in gastrointestinal tract blood vessels
 Dieulafoy's lesion
 Duodenitis
 Gastric erosions
 Gastric varices
 Gastritis 
 Mallory-Weiss tear
 Pancreatitis
 Peptic ulcer
 High blood pressure in the portal vein
 Stomach cancer 

In infants and young children, vomiting blood may also result from:

 Birth defects

 Blood-clotting disorders
 Milk allergy
 Swallowed blood from the nose
 Swallowed object
 Vitamin K deficiency 

Specialist to visit

 Gastroenterologist

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Vomiting blood
References-
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com

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