Facts about Ear Correction

Facts about Ear Correction

by Dr. Vikram Singh Rathore

Posted on 10th May, 2023 at 5:37:46 AM


The ear has three parts:- external, middle, and inner ear. The external ear is composed of the auricle and external auditory meatus through which sound waves travel. It also has a tympanic membrane that moves in and out in response to a sound wave. Let us focus on the Facts about Ear Correction before going ahead with the procedure.

The middle ear is an air-filled cavity in the temporal bone that opens via the eustachian tube into the nasopharynx to the exterior. The tube is usually closed but during swallowing, chewing, and yawning it opens, keeping the air pressure on two sides of the eardrum equal. It also consists of three ear ossicles called:- malleus, incus, and stapes. Their main function is to amplify the sound received. The footplate of the stirrup ends at the oval window which sets the fluid in the inner ear into vibration. 

The inner ear consists of a bony and membranous labyrinth. The labyrinth has three components namely:- cochlea, semicircular canals, and the otolith organs. The inner ear helps immensely in hearing and maintenance of the body's balance. 

In the following article, I will discuss the facts about ear correction. The auricle is made up of cartilage and can be damaged in road accidents. Otoplasty is a procedure that can improve the shape and look of the external ear. It is mainly performed in children to alter the deformities in the pinna of the ear so as to alleviate any sort of hearing deficit. It can also be performed in adults for cosmetic purposes.  There are certain criteria that must be met before an individual is qualified for this surgery. Firstly, he/she must not have any history of untreated chronic ear infections. Secondly, there should be no life-threatening illness. Lastly, the person should not be a smoker.

Some of the facts about Ear Correction

For any age group

There is a common myth that otoplasties are performed in children of the age group between 5 to 7 when in fact it can be performed on people of any age. The reason the doctor waits for the child to turn 5 is that the cartilage has stabilized till then. 

Effects on hearing

As I have already discussed previously the function of the auricle, this procedure does not affect the hearing capability of an individual. The shape of the auricle is designed in such a way so that our brain can differentiate between the sound coming from the source placed in front or behind us while we have closed our eyes. The surgeons are careful not to disturb the design so that the hearing remains normal. 

Recovery

This procedure is an outpatient procedure. You don't need to remain in the hospital overnight. It requires a maximum of two hours. Local anesthesia can be provided in the case of both adults and children. It takes a maximum of two to three weeks to recover. For that duration of time, you need to wear an ace bandage around your head. The sleeping position must be altered with your head elevated. Individuals who wear glasses must defer themselves from wearing them for at least two weeks. Children can resume their daily activities after one week. In the case of pain, the doctor also prescribes painkillers. Patients are also asked to consume or apply post-operative medicines so as to reduce the risk of any infection.

Symmetry 

The auricle is always slightly different from one another. Even after surgery, your ears cannot be perfectly symmetrical with one another. There will always be a minor difference as surgeons are not perfect artists. 

Insurance coverage

Osteoplasties do not come under cosmetic surgery. They are considered reconstructive surgeries by doctors. Most of the insurers cover it under their insurance. Although you would need to check with your insurer if it is covered by them. 

Risk of infection

There have been several instances of infection with this surgery recorded in the medical literature. There is a possible risk of infection of the skin and inflammation of cartilage called chondritis. Bleeding and hematoma formation has also been recorded in several instances. There also could be unfavorable results which you may find displeasing. It may lead to a second surgery. There can be possible nerve damage leading to numbness of the skin of the ear or face.  These were some important Facts about Ear Correction to enlighten you about the procedure.

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