Aortic Dissection

About- An aortic dissection is a serious medical condition in which the inner layer of the aorta (the large blood vessel branching off the heart) tears due to that blood surges through the tear, causing the inner and middle layers of the aorta to separate (dissect). 

Symptoms-
 Sudden severe chest pain
 Abdominal pain
 Loss of consciousness
 Shortness of breath
 Sudden difficulty speaking
 Sudden loss of vision
 Sudden weakness or paralysis of one side of the body
 Leg pain
 Difficulty walking
 Leg paralysis
 
Causes-
 High blood pressure 
 Hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis
 A pre-existing bulging, or weakened, artery
 Certain genetic diseases such as Marfan syndrome, Turner’s syndrome, Connective tissue disorders, such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and Loeys-Dietz syndrome
 Some inflammatory conditions, such as giant cell arteritis and syphilis
 Traumatic injury to the chest area
 Smoking
 
Specialists to Visit
 Critical Care Doctor
 Cardiologist
 Vascular Surgeon
 Cardiothoracic Surgeon
 Emergency Medicine Doctor
 

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References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://vascular.org
 

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