Achalasia (Cardiospasm)

About- Achalasia also known as esophageal achalasiaachalasia cardiaecardiospasm, and esophageal aperistalsis is a rare disorder that makes it difficult for food and liquid to pass into the stomach.

Symptoms-

 Difficulty swallowing

Backflow of the food in the throat

Coughing and the risk of aspiration

 Inhaling or choking on food

Intense pain or discomfort after eating

Chest pain and discomfort

Heartburn

Weight loss

Causes-

Achalasia occurs because of the damaged nerve of the tube (esophagus) connecting the mouth and stomach, due to that, it loses flexibility and ability to squeeze food down. Actual causes are difficult to find sometimes. It may be associated with

 Heredity
A result of an autoimmune condition
Esophageal cancer
Rare parasitic infection

Specialists to visit-

 Gastroenterologist 
General Surgeon
Cardiothoracic Surgeon
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Achalasia 

References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://my.clevelandclinic.org

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