Urinary Tract Infection (Bladder Infection)

About- A urinary tract infection (UTI) also called bladder infection is an infection in any part of the urinary system including kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
 
Symptoms-
Symptoms of a 
urinary tract infection (UTI) depends on what part of the urinary tract is infected.
Lower
urinary tract infection (UTI) affect the urethra and bladder. Symptoms of a lower urinary tract infection (UTI) include:
 Painful and burning sensation while urination
 Urinary urgency
 Blood in the urine
 Cloudy urine with strong odour
 Pelvic pain in women
 Rectal pain in men
 
Upper 
urinary tract infection (UTI)  affect the kidneys which can be potentially life-threatening if bacteria move from the infected kidney into the blood (called urosepsis), can cause dangerously low blood pressure, shock, and death. Symptoms of an upper urinary tract infection (UTI) include:
 Upper back and side pain
 Chills
 Fever
 Nausea & vomiting
 
Causes-

urinary tract infection (UTI) typically occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder. The main reasons are
 Bladder infection
 Infection of the urethra (urethritis)
 
Risk factors
 Being a female due to shorter urethra than a man 
 Sexually active women
 Having a new sexual partner
 Use of certain types of birth control like diaphragms or spermicidal agents
 Menopause 
 Urinary tract abnormalities
 Blockages in the urinary tract
 A suppressed immune system
 Catheter use
 A recent urinary procedure

Specialists to visit
 Urologist
 Gynaecologist and Obstetrician
 Infectious Disease Specialist
 General Physician

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References-
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.nhs.uk
http://www.urologyhealth.org

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