Spinal Stenosis

About- Spinal stenosis also called spinal narrowing, pseudo-claudication, central spinal stenosis, or foraminal spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal mostly occurs in the lower back and the neck.

Symptoms-
 Numbness or tingling in the hand, arm, foot or leg
 Weakness in the hand, arm, foot or leg
 Pain or cramping in one or both legs while standing or walking
 Back pain while standing or walking
 Balance disorder
 Walking difficulty
 Neck pain
 Bowel or bladder dysfunction (urinary urgency and incontinence)
 
Causes-
 Aging
 Osteoarthritis 
 Rheumatoid arthritis
 Congenital spine defects
 A naturally narrow spinal cord
 Scoliosis
 Herniated disks
 Paget’s disease of the bone
 Overgrowth of bone
 Bone tumors
 Spinal cord Tumors
 Achondroplasia (a type of dwarfism)
 Thickened ligaments
 Spinal injuries

Specialists to visit
 Spine Surgeon

 Physiotherapist
 Neurologist
 Orthopedic Surgeon

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Spinal stenosis
References-
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://orthoinfo.aaos.org

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