Melanoma

About- Melanoma also called malignant melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer that develops in the melanin-producing cells (melanocytes) and can spread to other organs in the body including eyes.
 
Symptoms-
  • New, unusual growth or a change in an existing mole
  • Bigger mole diameter
  • Darkening of the skin
  • Mole color changes
  • Skin mole with an irregular border
  • The development of a new pigmented or unusual-looking growth on the skin
Causes-
The exact cause is not clear. But a combination of environmental (like exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun) and genetic factors may facilitate to develop this disease.
 
Risk factors
  • A family history of melanoma
  • A high number of moles or unusual moles in the body
  • A previous organ transplant
  • Excessive ultraviolet (UV) light exposure
  • Fair skin (less melanin in the skin)
  • High sun exposure
  • The presence of liver spots or age spots
  • Weak immune system
Specialists to visit
Dermatologist
General Surgeon
Oncologist
Plastic Surgeon

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References
https://www.skincancer.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://www.skincancer.org
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.cancer.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.healthline.com
https://dermnetnz.org
https://www.cancer.org.au
https://www.cancer.ca
https://www.aad.org

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