Contact Dermatitis

About- Contact dermatitis also called contact eczema is a red, itchy skin rash caused by direct contact with chemicals or physical substances that cause an allergic or irritant reaction. 
 
There are 2 types of contact dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis- This occurs when skin, which has become sensitive to a certain substance (allergen), comes in contact with that substance again. 
Irritant contact dermatitis- This occurs when the skin is repeatedly exposed to a mild irritant like detergent or solvents over a prolonged period. 

Symptoms-
 A red rash
 Blisters that ooze
 Dry, cracked, scaly skin
 Hives
 Itching
 Sun sensitivity
 Swelling, burning or tenderness of the skin
 Ulcerations
 Open sores that form crusts
 
Causes-
 Airborne substances, such as ragweed pollen and spray insecticides
 Airborne substances, such as sawdust or wool dust
 Balsam of Peru, which is used in many products, such as perfumes, cosmetics, mouth rinses and flavorings
 Battery acid
 Bleach
 Certain Medications
 Detergents
 Drain cleaners
 Fertilizers and pesticides
 Formaldehyde
 Jewelry made from nickel or gold
 Kerosene
 Latex gloves
 Pepper spray
 Personal care products, such as perfumes, deodorants, body washes, hair dyes, cosmetics and nail polish
 Plants
 Poison oak or poison ivy
 Preservatives
 Rubber ingredients
 Rubbing alcohol
 Shampoos, permanent wave solutions
 Solvents
 Sunscreens and oral medications

Specialists to Visit -
 Allergy & Immunology Doctor

 Dermatologist

 Ask a question or view previous questions and answers on 
Contact dermatitis
References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://nationaleczema.org
https://www.nhs.uk
https://acaai.org
https://www.aad.org

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