Bed Sore

About- Bedsores also called pressure ulcers and decubitus ulcers are injuries to skin and underlying tissue resulting from prolonged pressure on the skin. Bedsores often happen on the:
 Buttocks area (on the tailbone or hips)
 Heels of the feet
 Shoulder blades
 Back of the head
 Backs and sides of the knees
 
Symptoms-
 Discoloured patches which feels warm, spongy or hard
 Swelling
 Pus-like draining
 Pain or itchiness in the affected area
 Tender areas
 An open wound or blister (Two pressure ulcer)
 A deep wound that reaches the deeper layers of the skin (Three pressure ulcer)
 A very deep wound that may reach the muscle and bone (Four pressure ulcer)

Causes-
A
Bedsores develops when blood supply to the skin is cut off for more than 2 to 3 hours. Several risk factors for this medical condition are
 Friction from being moved or dragged or from uncomfortable clothing
 Lack of mobility
 Lying in wet bedding or clothes
 Poor diet, malnutrition, and dehydration
 Side effect of certain drugs including chemotherapy, steroids, and anti-inflammatories
 Diabetes
 Peripheral arterial disease
 Kidney failure
 Heart failure
 Multiple sclerosis (MS)
 Parkinson's disease
 Obesity
 Urinary incontinence 
 Bowel incontinence
 
Specialist to Visit
 Dermatologist

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References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://medbroadcast.com
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org
https://www.mariecurie.org.uk
https://www.nhs.uk

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