What Is Venous Thromboembolism? How To prevent it in Total Knee and Hip Replacement?

What Is Venous Thromboembolism? How To prevent it in Total Knee and Hip Replacement?

by Dr.Shailendra Patil

Posted on 27th August, 2021 at 12:14:19 AM

What Is Venous Thromboembolism? How To prevent it in Total Knee and Hip Replacement?

Venous Thromboembolism is a medical condition that forms blood clots in your veins that are responsible for carrying blood to the heart and other vital organs. The VTE can be life-threatening if not treated soon. The condition occurs due to immobility for longer periods and excessive bleeding during surgery. The surgical procedure and patients’ medical condition are the major factors that can cause VTE.

But, what’s the connection between the total knee and hip replacement surgeries and VTE? Does it increase your risk of getting VTE in the veins? How can it be treated? Most importantly, what can you do to prevent Venous Thromboembolism? Let’s check out.

Risk of VTE after Orthopedic Surgery

Orthopedic patients are undoubtedly at a higher risk of getting VTE, but the level of risk varies from patient to patient and it mainly depends on the surgical method. The patients’ medical history and surgical procedures need to be considered before the surgery is performed. In a nutshell, Venous Thromboembolism is one of the major complications of orthopedic surgery.

Knee and hip replacement surgeries have become a viable solution to arthritis. Every year, around a million orthopedic surgeries are performed in the US and Europe. Hundreds of thousands of people get joint replacement surgery in Thane, Mumbai. Generally, the procedure is safe and an effective way to help improve the mobility of people. However, the patient remains immobile for a few days following the surgery.

During this time, the thromboplastins are released, increasing the risk of the formation of blood clots in your veins.

Preventing Venous Thromboembolism in Orthopedic Patients

The orthopedic surgeon in Mulund takes many preventive measures to ensure safe surgery and minimal bleeding, in order to minimize the risk of Venous Thromboembolism. In fact, the surgeons now advise patients to start moving within 2 days following the procedure. They get the patient up and walking in no time, even if they walk with a crane initially. The primary reason why surgeons recommend regular movements post-operation is the VTE.

In addition to early mobilization, the surgeon has to perform the procedure with great care. Excessive bleeding or a wrong technique can put the patient at high risk for venous thromboembolism after the surgery. That is why the Prophylaxis methods must be performed soon after the surgery to prevent the VTE risk in orthopedic patients. These measures must be continued until the risk of VTE decreases. So, what exactly are the prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism? Well, the risk of complications from orthopedic surgery differs for each patient and so does the treatment for them. Mainly, there are two treatment plans - pharmacological and mechanical. The prophylaxis method is customized to the patient’s medical condition and their risk exposure.

Bottom Line

It is important to note that venous thromboembolism is not a small issue that could be prevented with a few steps. It is a serious medical complication that needs immediate treatment. Venous thromboembolism can cause disability and even death if it is not treated.


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