Common Monsoon Diseases

Common Monsoon Diseases

by Dr Amitabha Saha

Posted on 15th September, 2023 at 12:27:04 AM

The rains are here! While it may be a joy to witness another monsoon season, one should also approach this change with caution, especially in India. The monsoons bring their own set of challenges in the form of waterborne diseases and mosquitoes. Hence, learn how to stay safe from these diseases and protect yourself from illness and suffering.

This general physician doctor in Kolkata takes a look at some of the common monsoon diseases that proliferate during this time.

Common Monsoon Diseases: How They Spread And What You Can Do

Diseases during the monsoons spread in 4 ways – mosquitoes, water and air, and contamination of food.


Malaria, Chikungunya, and Dengue are the 3 major mosquito-related diseases common in India. These diseases are characterised by high fever, body aches, and chills. Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water and proliferate during these months.

How To Stay Safe: The best way to protect yourself is to make use of mosquito nets, and repellants and prevent water from collecting anywhere near the house. Also, keep bathrooms very clean and maintain hygiene.

Water-borne Diseases

Some of the common water-borne diseases are jaundice, typhoid, hepatitis A, cholera, Leptospirosis, and gastroenteritis. These diseases can leave the sufferer tired and very weak. Poor sanitation systems are one of the reasons why this problem grows.

How To Stay Safe: According to this general physician doctor in Kolkata it is important for people to wash their hands, vegetables, and fruits before consumption and maintain hygiene. Keep foods covered at all times.

Air-borne Diseases

Tiny viruses or pathogens are transmitted through the air and cause common monsoon diseases like cold, influenza, cough, and viral fever. Senior citizens and children are more susceptible to these problems.

How To Stay Safe: Cover your mouth or nose when coughing or sneezing. Keep children away from those who are ill.

Food Contamination

Thanks to poor sanitization habits and food contamination, a variety of stomach ailments affect people during the monsoons.

How To Stay Safe: Always drink boiled water and eat clean foods. Ensure that you do not eat food from small roadside stalls that do not maintain hygiene processes.

Why Do Diseases Spread Faster During the Monsoon?

Diseases spread faster during the monsoon season because of the high moisture content in the air which provides a conducive environment for pathogens to grow and proliferate. Hence monsoon diseases spread fast and quickly during this period.

Tips From A General Physician Doctor in Kolkata To Stay Safe During Monsoons

  • Drink clean bottled or boiled water
  • Wash your hands and make use of sanitizers
  • Do not let rainwater stagnate anywhere.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before usage.

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