Androgenic Alopecia in Men: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Androgenic Alopecia in Men: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

by Dr. Vikram Singh Rathore

Posted on 10th May, 2023 at 5:25:43 AM

Androgenic Alopecia in Men: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


Hair loss is the most common problem that most men face all over the world. Surely, hair is the most prized possession for men but as the body starts to grow older, hair loss becomes more severe. Androgenic Alopecia, which, is also, known as “male pattern baldness”, is the most common type of hair loss among men. Although hair loss is also, found in women, this particular type is mostly found in men due to the specific androgenic pathway it follows. Today we are going to discuss the various symptoms and causes of the androgenic alopecia in men. In addition, we will also discuss some available treatments for the same.

What is Androgenic Alopecia?

Hair loss from any part of the body for some reason is termed medically as Alopecia. Androgenic alopecia is when the androgens along with genetics result in hair loss in men following a specific pattern. It has no particular age limit and can affect older as well as younger men. It has been, found that most men about the age of 50 have one or the other form of pattern baldness. It is a very common disease and affects men as well as women although not so much. The conversion of terminal hairs into short, thin, and slight-colored hair is characterized as Androgenic alopecia.

What are the symptoms?

The disease is an extremely common one and can be, spotted easily. Some of the symptoms of Androgenic alopecia are as follows.

  • If your hair loss has started at the temples or the crown of your head, you have a case of pattern baldness. It can be a singular bald spot or in the shape of an “M”.
  • A receding hairline on the forehead and gradual thinning of hair on the top is also common symptom of the disorder.
  • Hair may start to shed more than usual and gradually increase the pace.
  • Long, thick, hair may start to transition into thin, short, vellus hairs.
  • In men, this disorder may result in complete baldness starting from the receding hairline on the forehead. However, in women, this does not cause complete baldness and only results in hair loss on the crown area of the head.

What are the causes?

Androgenic alopecia in men can occur due to many reasons. Below are some of the most common causes.

  • This is a genetic disorder. In fact, most of the people who have a case of androgenic alopecia also have a family history of baldness.
  • Androgens are the most important hormones in men to promote the growth of secondary sexual characteristics such as hair and voice. They have also been, linked strongly as a cause for male pattern baldness.
  • The growth cycle of hair is also an important cause. After the end of the growth cycle, the hair usually begins to shed and no new hair growth takes place.
  • On the contrary, such hair loss can also occur due to the intake of anabolic steroids or artificial growth hormones. Certain cancers and thyroid conditions can also be the cause of Androgenic alopecia.
  • Other health conditions can also be behind hair loss. When the hair loss is, accompanied by redness, pain, or peeling of the scalp it can also lead to complete baldness.
  • Abrupt hormonal changes are also a primary cause. Especially in women during pregnancy, due to the hormonal changes, androgenic alopecia can occur.
  • Stress, anxiety, and depression are also some of the causes that are responsible for the disorder.
  • Hairstyles that cause your hair to be, pulled back and the use of excessive chemicals on the hair may also be responsible.

What are the treatments?

Although androgenic alopecia is common and there is not much to worry about it. There are still some treatments available to reduce the severity. In some cases where it also is the cause of some other health problems, these treatments can be effective.

If you have not lost a lot of hair, then getting a new haircut that can help conceal the underlying fact of hair loss can help. You can also try wearing wigs or hairpieces to hide severe baldness.

Medications such as Minoxidil and Finasteride can also be, used for slowing down hair loss. Minoxidil needs to be, applied directly to the scalp and it helps stimulate the growth of new hair in some men. Finasteride is an oral medication and has the same effect as Minoxidil but with a higher success rate. However, once you stop taking any of the medications the hair loss will possibly return. Certain side effects have also been, observed. In case you face any severe side effects consult your physician as soon as possible. You should also consult your physician before taking any of the hair-growth or Hair loss prevention medications, as they might not be suitable for you.

Finally, the most effective treatment for androgenic alopecia is a hair transplant. Hair transplant works by picking hair from the back of the head or any part of the body, which has enough hair density and using it as a transplant for the balding areas. The process can be, a bit expensive but it produces satisfactory results.

Even though it is a surgical technique, the recovery period is short and you can get back to work in a few days of the surgery. The surgery itself does not consume much time depending on the expertise of the surgeon


Androgenic alopecia can affect men of all ages. It is genetic for the most part and can occur in men in their 20s. Suffering from baldness at this age or any other can cause a big change, which you may or may not be, able to accept. We have tried our best to help inform you about Androgenic alopecia in men and the various symptoms, causes, and treatments.

© Copyright 2024 MYMEDILAND. All rights reserved.