Kidney Stone Disease

About- Kidney stones also known as renal lithiasis or nephrolithiasis are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside kidneys and are often painful when passed.

Symptoms-
Kidney stones Chills
Kidney stones Fever
Kidney stones Frequent urination
Kidney stones Nausea and vomiting
Kidney stones Pain may radiate to the lower abdomen and groin
Kidney stones Pain on urination
Kidney stones Pink, red or brown and cloudy or foul-smelling urine
Kidney stones Severe fluctuating pain in the side and back, below the ribs
Kidney stones A small amount of Urine
Kidney stones Urinary urgency
 
Causes-

Kidney stones form when urine contains more crystal-forming substances such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, and also our urine may lack substances that prevent crystals from sticking together. This disease often has no definite, single cause, although several risk factors may play roles.

Risk factors
Kidney stones Family or personal history
Kidney stones Dehydration
Kidney stones Drinking insufficient water  
Kidney stones Consumption of the diet with high levels of protein, sodium (salt), and sugar 
Kidney stones Obesity
Kidney stones Gastric bypass surgery
Kidney stones Inflammatory bowel disease
Kidney stones Chronic diarrhea
Kidney stones Renal tubular acidosis
Kidney stones Cystinuria
Kidney stones Hyperparathyroidism
Kidney stones Certain medications such as diuretics, antiseizure drugs, and calcium-based antacids
Kidney stones Urinary tract infections
 
Specialists to visit
Urologist Urologist

Urologist Nephrologist

Kidney stones Ask a question or view previous questions and answers on Kidney stones
References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com

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