Vocal Fold Paresis/Paralysis

About- Vocal cord paralysis also called recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis, vocal fold paralysis, or paresis is the paralysis of the vocal cord muscles occurs when the nerve impulses to the voice box (larynx) are disrupted.

Symptoms-
 Hoarseness
 Noisy breathing
 Loss of vocal pitch
 Choking or coughing while swallowing food, drink or saliva
 Frequent breathing while speaking
 Inability to speak loudly
 Frequent throat clearing 

Causes-
Doctors often don't know the exact cause of 
Vocal cord paralysis. The factors which may play a role include:
 Vocal cord injury during surgery
 Neck or chest injury
 Stroke
 The growth of cancerous and noncancerous tumors in or around the muscles, cartilage or nerves controlling the function of the voice box 
 Viral infections such as Lyme disease, Epstein-Barr virus and herpes etc.
 Certain Neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease

Specialists to visit

 Otolaryngologist (ENT)
 Neurologist

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References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.asha.org
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com

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