About- Thrombocytopenia is a condition characterized by abnormally low levels of platelets in the blood

 Easy or excessive bruising (purpura)
 A rash with small red or purple dots called “petechiae”
 Bleeding gums
 Heavy menstrual bleeding
 Rectal bleeding
 Blood in the urine
 Blood in the stools
 Prolonged bleeding from cuts
 Enlarged spleen
 Vomiting blood 

Thrombocytopenia can be inherited or it may be caused by a number of medications or conditions. The main cause is the reduced circulating platelets due to decrease platelet production 
or increase breakdown of platelets:

Factors that can decrease the platelet production include


 A vitamin B-12 deficiency 
 A folate deficiency
 An iron deficiency
 Viral infections, including HIV, Epstein-Barr virus, and chickenpox
 Exposure to chemotherapy, radiation, or toxic chemicals
 Myelodysplastic Syndromes 

Factors that can increase the breakdown of platelets

 Hemolytic uremic syndrome
 Side effects of certain medications include diuretics and anti-seizure medications.
 Enlarged spleen
 An autoimmune disorder
 A bacterial infection in the blood
 Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
 Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)
 Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)

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