Thrombocytopenia

About- Thrombocytopenia is a condition characterized by abnormally low levels of platelets in the blood

Symptoms-
 Easy or excessive bruising (purpura)
 A rash with small red or purple dots called “petechiae”
 Nosebleeds
 Bleeding gums
 Heavy menstrual bleeding
 Rectal bleeding
 Blood in the urine
 Blood in the stools
 Prolonged bleeding from cuts
 Fatigue
 Enlarged spleen
 Jaundice
 Vomiting blood 

Causes-
Thrombocytopenia can be inherited or it may be caused by a number of medications or conditions. The main cause is the reduced circulating platelets due to decrease platelet production 
or increase breakdown of platelets:

Factors that can decrease the platelet production include

 Leukaemia

 Anaemia
 Alcoholism
 A vitamin B-12 deficiency 
 A folate deficiency
 An iron deficiency
 Viral infections, including HIV, Epstein-Barr virus, and chickenpox
 Exposure to chemotherapy, radiation, or toxic chemicals
 Cirrhosis
 Myelodysplastic Syndromes 

Factors that can increase the breakdown of platelets
 Pregnancy

 Hemolytic uremic syndrome
 Side effects of certain medications include diuretics and anti-seizure medications.
 Enlarged spleen
 An autoimmune disorder
 A bacterial infection in the blood
 Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
 Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)
 Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)

Specialist to visit
 Haematologist

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Thrombocytopenia
References-
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov

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