Pericardial Effusion

About- Pericardial effusion is the accumulation of too much fluid in the pericardium (double-layered, sac-like structure around the heart)
Symptoms-
 Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
 Breathing discomfort while lying down
 Chest pain
 Chest fullness
 
Causes-
 Kidney failure
 HIV/AIDS
 Piercing or blunt trauma near the heart
 Inflammation of the pericardium following heart surgery or a heart attack
 Lupus
 Rheumatoid arthritis
 Viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections
 Congestive heart failure
 Ventricular aneurysm rupture
 Lung cancer
 Breast cancer
 Melanoma
 Leukemia
 Hodgkin's disease
 Cancer of the pericardium or heart
 Radiation therapy for cancers
 Chemotherapy treatment for cancer
 Deposition of waste products in the blood due to kidney failure (uremia)
 Hypothyroidism
 Trauma or puncture wound near the heart
 Certain medications such as hydralazine for hypertension, isoniazid (Nydrazid) for tuberculosis, and phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek, others) for seizures

Specialists to visit
 Cardiologist

 Cardiac Surgeon

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References
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.webmd.com

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