Myelodysplastic Syndrome (Preleukemia)

About- Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) also known as preleukemia, or smoldering leukemia that can decrease the levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

Symptoms-
  • Anemia
  • Bone pain
  • Chest pain
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Dizziness
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Frequent infections
  • General weakness
  • Headache
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Lightheadedness
  • Low blood platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
  • Low white blood cell count (leukopenia)
  • Pale skin
  • Petechiae (Pinpoint-sized red spots under the skin)
  • Shortness of breath
Causes-
  • Chemotherapy
  • Long-term exposure to high levels of toxic chemicals including benzene or toluene
  • Long-term exposure to pesticides, or too heavy metals like lead
  • Long-term exposure to radiation
  • Radiation therapy
Specialists to visit
Hematologist
Oncologist

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References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com

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