Mitral Valve Stenosis

About- Mitral valve stenosis, also called mitral stenosis, is a narrowing of the heart's mitral valve, the valve which is located on the left side of the heart, between the upper.chamber (atrium) and the lower chamber (ventricle). Due to that, the volume of blood bringing oxygen from the lungs is reduced.
 
Symptoms
  • Mitral valve stenosisA cough 
  • Coughing up blood
  • Chest pain and other chest discomforts
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Fatigue
  • Heart arrhythmias
  • Heart murmur
  • Palpitations
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Shortness of breath, especially during strenuous physical activities or when lying down
  • Swollen feet or legs
  • Upper respiratory infections
 
Causes
  • Mitral valve stenosisCalcium deposits around the mitral valve
  • Congenital heart defect
  • Lupus
  • Radiation therapy to the chest
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Scarlet fever
  • Strep throat 
 
Complications
  • Mitral valve stenosisAtrial fibrillation
  • Blood clots in the upper left chamber of the heart
  • Heart enlargement
  • Heart failure
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Stroke
Specialist to Visit
Cardiologist Cardiologist

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Mitral valve stenosis
References
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.heart.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.uofmhealth.org
https://www.nhs.uk

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