Macular Degeneration

About- Macular degeneration also called age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common eye disorder that causes central vision loss.
 
Types
Dry macular degeneration: This develops gradually
Wet macular degeneration - It occurs when new blood vessels develop under the macula, which can cause blood and fluid to leak.
 
Symptoms-
  • Blurred vision
  • Central vision loss
  • Decreased intensity or brightness of colors
  • Difficulty adapting to low light levels
  • Difficulty recognizing faces
  • Need for brighter light for a close work
  • Visual distortions of straight lines
Causes-
The exact reason is not clearly understood. It may be related to a combination of heredity and environmental factors.
 
Risk Factors
  • A family history of macular degeneration
  • A diet with high unsaturated fats and carbohydrates
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Lack of exercise 
  • Obesity
  • Older age
  • Smoking
Specialists to Visit -
Ophthalmologist
Optometrist

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References-
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.macular.org
https://www.allaboutvision.com
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.aao.org/eye-health
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.nhs.uk
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com

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