Frostbite

About- Frostbite is an injury caused by freezing of the skin and underlying tissues that results when the blood vessels contract, reducing blood flow and oxygen to the affected body parts. Commonly affected areas are our fingers, toes, ears, nose, cheeks, and chin. 
 
Types
Frostnip (first-degree frostbite) - It is very mild and doesn’t damage the skin. The skin will turn red and feel cold to the touch.
Superficial frostbite (second-degree frostbite) – The skin will begin to turn from a reddish color to a paler color sometimes blue.
Deep frostbite (third-degree frostbite) - It is the severe stage of frostbite and affects both the skin and the tissues below the skin.
 
Symptoms-
Frostbite Blistering
Frostbite Clumsiness due to joint and muscle stiffness
Frostbite Cold skin
Frostbite Discolored skin (red, white, gray, or yellow)
Frostbite Hard or waxy-looking skin
Frostbite Itchiness
Frostbite Joint and muscle stiffness
Frostbite Numbness
Frostbite Pain around the exposed area

Causes-
Frostbite is normally caused by prolonged exposure to cold temperatures or direct contact with ice, frozen metal or very cold liquids.
 
Risk Factors
Frostbite A history of frostbite
Frostbite Alcoholism
Frostbite Dehydration
Frostbite Diabetes
Frostbite Drug abuse
Frostbite Excessive sweating
Frostbite Exhaustion
Frostbite Fear, panic or mental illness
Frostbite Poor blood flow in limbs
Frostbite Smoking
 
Complications-
Frostbite Changes in skin color
Frostbite Excessive sweating
Frostbite Frostbite arthritis
Frostbite Gangrene
Frostbite Growth defects in children
Frostbite Hypothermia
Frostbite Increased sensitivity to cold
Frostbite Infection
Frostbite Long-term numbness
Frostbite Loss of nails
Frostbite Sepsis
Frostbite Tetanus

Specialists to visit
Plastic Surgeon Emergency Medicine Doctor

Plastic Surgeon General Physician
Plastic Surgeon Hand Surgeon
Plastic Surgeon Plastic Surgeon

Frostbite Ask a question or view previous questions and answers on 
frostbite
References
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.medicinenet.com
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com
https://orthoinfo.aaos.org
https://www.nhs.uk

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