Carotid Artery Disease

About- Carotid artery disease is also called carotid artery stenosis occurs when fatty deposits and cholesterol (plaques) clog the blood vessels that deliver blood to the brain and head which increases the risk of stroke.

Symptoms-
Initially, Carotid artery disease doesn't produce any signs or symptoms. But in a severe case, decreased blood supply to the brain may result in either a TIA (transient ischemic attack) or stroke.
Signs and symptoms of a stroke or TIA (transient ischemic attack) include:
 
 Balance disorder
 Confusion
 Dizziness
 Blindness
 Speech difficulty
 Sudden numbness or weakness on one side of the body
 Sudden, severe headache
 
Causes-

Carotid artery disease is typically caused by atherosclerosis, a disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries. Plaque contains clumps of:
 Cholesterol
 Fat
 Cellular waste
 Protein
 Calcium

Risk Factors
 Diabetes
 Family history
 High blood pressure
 High blood sugar
 High levels of cholesterol
 High levels of triglycerides
 Obesity
 Older age
 Prolong inactivity and lack of physical exercise
 Sleep apnea
 Smoking and other forms of Tobacco use
 Unhealthy diet

Specialists to Visit
 Cardiovascular Medicine specialist

 Cardiovascular Surgeon
 Neurosurgeon
 Vascular and Endovascular Surgeon

 Ask a question or view previous questions and answers on Carotid artery disease
References-
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.radiologyinfo.org
https://medlineplus.gov
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
https://www.webmd.com
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://www.medicinenet.com

© Copyright 2020 MYMEDILAND. All rights reserved.