Coarctation Of The Aorta

About- Coarctation of the aorta or aortic coarctation is a congenital heart defect involving a narrowing of the aorta, the large blood vessel that delivers oxygen-rich blood to the body.

Symptoms-
 Chest pain
 Cold feet and/or legs
 Difficulty feeding
 Diminished or absent pulses in the feet
 Headache
 High blood pressure
 Irritability
 Leg cramps
 leg pain after exercise
 Muscle weakness
 Nosebleeds
 Pale skin
 Poor weight gain
 Rapid breathing
 Shortness of breath
 Sweating

Causes-
This is a congenital condition and doctors aren't certain about the reason behind it.
 
Risk Factors
 Aortic valve regurgitation
 Aortic valve stenosis
 Hole in the wall (septum) between the upper chambers of the heart (atrial septal defect) or the lower chambers of the heart (ventricular septal defect)
 Mitral valve regurgitation
 Mitral valve stenosis
 Patent ductus arteriosus
 Presence of bicuspid aortic valve
 
Complications
 Aneurysm
 Aortic dissection
 Aortic stenosis
 Brain aneurysm
 Brain hemorrhage
 Heart failure
 High blood pressure
 Premature coronary artery disease
 Stroke

Specialists to Visit -
 Cardiologist

 Paediatrician
 Vascular Surgeon
 Cardiothoracic Surgeon

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Coarctation of the aorta
References-
https://en.wikipedia.org
https://www.mayoclinic.org
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.stanfordchildrens.org
https://www.heart.org
https://my.clevelandclinic.org
https://medlineplus.gov

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